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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 113 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 白穗儀(1999)。國民中學組織學習與教師專業成長關係之研究。未出版碩士論. 文,國立彰化師範大學,彰化市。
  2. 呂麗珍(2002)。高中、高職會計學教師工作滿意度之研究。中原大學會計研究所,碩士論文,未出版,桃園。
  3. 李淑馨(2009)。公立職業學校資訊科教師專業成長與工作滿意度關係之研究。國立台灣師範大學工業教育研究所, 碩士論文,未出版。
  4. 林維雯(2006)。我國高職服裝科專業教師工作滿意度之研究。國立臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所,碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  5. 高曉婷(2004)。我國國民小學教師自我評鑑效能感之研究—以桃園縣國民小學為例。中原大學教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,桃園縣。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 項慶武(2016)。社會工作者工作適應關聯因素之研究- 以雙北市社會福利服務中心社會工作者為例。臺北大學社會工作學系學位論文。2016。1-91。
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