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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 115 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王昱婷(2009)。國小學童霸凌行為與心理健康之相關研究。臺北教育大學生命教育與健康促進研究所碩士論文,未出版,臺北市。
  2. 江宜珍(2007)。學童自殺意念之變化趨勢及相關因素。國立臺灣大學公共衛生學院衛生政策與管理研究所博士論文,未出版,臺北市。
  3. 行政院衛生署國民健康局(2010)。民國九十五年國中學生健康行為調查。2010年10 月25 日,取自:
  4. 行政院衛生署(2008)。自殺防治中心。2010年11月9日,
  5. 杜淑芬(2009)。涉入霸凌行為兒童家長親職經驗之敘事研究。臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系研究所碩士論文,未出版,臺北市。
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