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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 70 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 白育甄(2003)。網路成癮經驗對大學生學習與生活及心理社會發展影響-網路遊戲癮個案之分析-。未出版碩士,國立臺灣師範大學政治學研究所,台北市。
  2. 李宇宙(2000)。睡眠醫學。台北:健康文化。
  3. 李宇宙(2006)。好眠自助寶典。天下雜誌。
  4. 李坤崇(1987)。我國大學生心理需求之調查研究。臺南師專學報,20,255~291。
  5. 何振珮(2007)。花蓮市國民中學學生網路成癮傾向與身心健康、學業成績之相關性研究。未出版碩士,慈濟大學公共衛生研究所,花蓮縣。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 謝文堯(2017)。國小高年級學生不同背景變項在人格特質與網路使用行為之差異及其相關研究—以桃園市為例。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2017。1-186。
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