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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 98 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王俊豪、方珍珍、康景翔(2008)。〈觀光節慶資金之研究〉,《農業推廣學報》,24,17-44。
  2. 江麗美譯(2003)。Noam Chomsky 著。《媒體操控》。台北:麥田。
  3. 阮昌銳(1984)。《民俗與民藝》。台灣:國立台灣博物館。
  4. 吳宗瓊、潘治民(2004)。〈觀光慶典活動遊客花費與整體經濟效果之評估研究─以國際童玩節為例〉,《戶外遊憩研究》,第十七卷第一期。台北:中華民國戶外遊憩學會。
  5. 吳清山,林天佑(2011)。〈教育名詞-PEST 分析〉,《教育資料與研究雙月刊》,98,187-188
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林郁芳(2013)。節慶活動行銷之研究--以花蓮國際石雕藝術季為例。臺北大學公共行政暨政策學系學位論文。2013。1-150。
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