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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 76 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 毛莉雯、邱亨嘉、張碧玉、黃素貞、黃尚志(2008)。透析模式對台灣末期腎臟疾病病患者健康相關生活品質之影響。The Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences,24(9),453-460。
  2. 余嘉惠、袁素娟 (2009)。肺結核病人生活品質及人口學特性之相關探討。中山醫學雜誌,20(1),15-29。
  3. 李茹萍、邱艷芬(1998)。肺結核病人之服藥遵從性。護理雜誌,45(1),63-68。
  4. 吳紹筠、陳淑怡、江宜珊、陳淑賢(2007)。某區域醫院肺結核病患護理指導之改善。長庚護理,18(2),233-244。
  5. 邱尚志、王秀英(2010)。結核病十年減半全民動員計畫之評估研析。研考雙月刊,34(3),49-61。
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