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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 85 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 孫志硯 (2003)。不可承受之重?初探攝影記者的性別與勞動之關聯 (未出版碩士論文) 。國立臺灣大學,臺北市。
  2. 張學梁 (2005)。消費者生活型態與購物情境關聯之研究-以東森購物頻道為例 (未出版碩士論文)。臺中健康暨管理學院,臺中縣。
  3. 陳宜伶 (2005)。智慧型手機與高階相機手機之消費者行為分析 (未出版碩士論文)。國立成功大學,臺南市。
  4. 曾宏鈞 (2010)。女性運動服裝消費者生活型態、促銷方式與消費者行為之研究—以臺北市百貨公司為例 (未出版碩士論文) 。國立臺灣師範大學,臺北市。
  5. 曾譯鋒 (2012)。雲端運算概念產品創新設計研究-以數位單眼相機為例 (未出版碩士論文) 。大同大學,臺北市。
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