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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 81 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林萬億(1992)。台灣地區社會意向調查。中央研究院中山人文社會科學研究所。
  2. Brudmey, J.L. (1990).The availability of volunteers: Implications for local government. Administration & Society 21, 4, 413-424.San Francisco:Jossey-Bass Publishers.
  3. Putman,R.Q.(1993). Making Democracy Work: Civil Traditions in Modern Italy, Primceton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press.
  4. 一、中文部份
  5. 白秀雄主持(1987)。台北市政府社會局推展志願服務調查研究報告。臺北市:臺北市政府社會局
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 梁逸華(2012)。長期照護服務中電話問安志工的角色。淡江大學保險學系保險經營碩士在職專班學位論文。2012。1-113。 
  2. 黃靖雅(2012)。志工參與對公部門行政績效影響之研究 -以臺南市政府勞工局為例。成功大學政治經濟研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2012。1-168。 
  3. 彭詩惠(2014)。鐵路局車站志工招募與運用之研究--七堵站、桃園站、新竹站的個案研究。臺北大學公共行政暨政策學系學位論文。2014。1-200。
  4. 蔡明學(2015)。台灣地方推展志願服務簽約委外之研究:以桃園市志願服務教育訓練為例。中央大學法律與政府研究所學位論文。2015。1-167。
  5. 劉冠翔(2016)。志工之人力資源管理-以臺大實驗林為例。臺灣大學森林環境暨資源學研究所學位論文。2016。1-109。
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