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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 356 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁榮金(2006)。國民中學校長學校策略管理之行動研究。國立台灣師範大學
  2. (Problem solving decision making)。台北:小知堂文化事業。
  3. 王憲筠(2003)。國內外經營環境改變下我國私立大學院校競爭策略之探討。
  4. 司徒達賢(1995)。策略管理。台北:遠流。
  5. 吳素菁(2004)。學校創新經營之研究─以四所國民小學為例。國立政治大學
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 賴如琳(2011)。高等教育策略管理應用之研究。淡江大學會計學系碩士班學位論文。2011。1-90。 
  2. 洪萱芸(2009)。台中縣國民小學教師對創意校園經營策略滿意度之研究。中臺科技大學文教事業經營研究所學位論文。2009。1-149。
  3. 洪萱芸(2009)。台中縣國民小學教師對創意校園經營策略滿意度之研究。中臺科技大學文教事業經營研究所學位論文。2009。1-149。
  4. 潘家妤(2011)。優質化高中中層管理團隊策略領導與學校創新經營之個案研究。臺灣師範大學教育學系學位論文。2011。1-170。
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