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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 171 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 尹淑萍(1999)。師資培育制度下科學實習教師實習個案研究。國立台灣師範大學化學系碩士論文,未出版,台北。
  2. 王百合(2003)。高雄縣市已婚女性代課教師不連續就業之歷程探究。國立高雄師範大學性別教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,高雄。
  3. 田秀蘭(1998)。男女大學生生涯阻礙因素之分析研究。教育心理學報,30(1),133-148。
  4. 吳武典(2006)。師資培育的正思與迷思。台灣教育,638,2-6。
  5. 李島鳳(2003)。依戀愛情關係的女人之敘說研究。國立台灣師範大學教育心理與輔導研究所博士論文,未出版,台北。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳明潔(2010)。師範大學學生生涯決定歷程研究。臺灣師範大學公民教育與活動領導學系學位論文。2010。1-159。
  2. 潘季涵(2011)。中等學校教師第二專長培育之研究-以淡江大學為例。淡江大學公共行政學系公共政策碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-164。
  3. 賴顗竹(2012)。九年一貫國民小學階段藝術與人文領域之視覺藝術教師職業流動之影響因素。臺灣師範大學美術學系學位論文。2012。1-144。
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