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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 74 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江雪齡(1996)。邁向二十一世紀的多元文化教育。台北:師大書苑。
  2. 呂燕卿(2002b)。九年一貫藝術與人文學習領域之能力指標轉化與實踐-以視覺藝術問題探索與表現之教學示例。國教世紀,202,5-18。
  3. 郭禎祥(1999)。21世紀藝術教育的展望。一九九九藝術教育國際學術研討論文集。彰化:國立彰化師範大學美術學院。
  4. 郭禎祥(2000)。教育改革下的藝術教育新藍圖。載於中華民國藝術教育研究發展學會主編,九年一貫課程藝術與人文:社區取向藝術教育(頁11-28)。彰化:國立彰化師範大學藝術教育研究所。
  5. 張建成(2000)。多元文化教育:我們的經驗與別人的經驗。台北:師大書苑。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 余慧真(2013)。國民中學學生視覺藝術課程學習動機與學習滿意度調查-以新竹市為例。臺北藝術大學藝術與人文教育研究所學位論文。2013。1-142。 
  2. 李淅湄(2011)。國中視覺藝術教師導師經驗之研究-以新北市立丹鳳高中國中部為例。臺灣師範大學美術學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2011。1-148。
  3. 楊淑勳(2012)。高中藝術生活教師教學信念之研究。臺灣師範大學美術學系學位論文。2012。1-201。
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