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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 319 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 野重任,《日據時代臺灣米穀經濟論》,臺北:臺灣銀行經濟研究室,1969。
  2. 王泰升,《臺灣法律史的建立》,臺北:台大法學叢書編委會,1997。
  3. 吳文星,《日據時期臺灣師範教育之研究》,臺北:臺灣師大史研所,1983。
  4. 周婉窈,《日據時代臺灣議會設置請願運動》,臺北:自立,1989。
  5. 韋政通,《傳統的更新》,臺北:水牛,1989。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 馮啟斌(2012)。從道場到戰場:試論武道的轉化機制-以殖民地台灣為例。交通大學社會與文化研究所學位論文。2012。1-110。 
  2. 謝仕淵(2011)。帝國的體育運動與殖民地的現代性:日治時期台灣棒球運動研究。臺灣師範大學歷史學系學位論文。2011。1-506。
  3. 陳宜君(2013)。製作健康兒童-日治時期臺灣學校衛生事業之發展。臺灣師範大學臺灣史研究所學位論文。2013。1-138。
  4. 湯承翰(2015)。新竹沿山客家武藝之研究。中央大學客家社會文化研究所學位論文。2015。1-233。
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