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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 240 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳春秀(1996)。博物館觀眾研究-以故宮博物院玉器陳列是為例。博物館學季刊(10) 4:25-32。
  2. 林崇熙〈2003〉。地方性科學知識與博物館的辯證:一個公共論壇的行動綱領。 博物館學季刊17(3):7-24。
  3. 英國經濟社會研究協會ESRC, Economic and social research council
  4. 馬慧君(1996)。志願服務工作者參與類型之初探-以埔里五個團體的志工為例。國立暨南國際大學社會政策與社會工作研究所碩士論文。
  5. 陳秋燕(1998)。社區老人參與「社會服務」對其心理社會影響之前驅性研究。國立陽明大學社區護理研究所。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 鄭功翊(2010)。博物館導覽志工職能與培訓之研究 - 以國立故宮博物院為例。臺灣師範大學科技應用與人力資源發展學系學位論文。2010。1-136。
  2. 董瑞國(2016)。高齡文化導覽志工自我導向學習經驗之探索。中正大學成人及繼續教育學系學位論文。2016。1-272。
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