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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 145 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林昱瑄(2006)。青少女哪吒的生活世界:一群「在玩」青少女的認同形構及其教育意涵。台灣師範大學教育學系博士論文。未出版。
  2. 林桂鳳(2008)。高中職性別平等教育團體方案架構設計分析研究。輔導季刊,42(2),48-59。
  3. 林慧姿、程景琳(2006)。國小六年級學童自尊、情緒調解與友誼之相關研究。教育心理學報,38,177-193。
  4. 范寶珍(2008)。不同背景及親子互動關係的青少年與愛情態度之關係研究。台灣師範大學教育研究所碩士論文。未出版。
  5. 孫頌賢、修慧蘭(2007)成人依附的測量:成人世界中不同依附對象的測量差異與關連。中華心理衛生學刊,20,31-51。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 許元平(2012)。青少年戀愛基模之發展。樹德科技大學人類性學研究所學位論文。2012。1-141。 
  2. 曹宜蓁(2010)。青少年伴侶經歷未成年生育事件歷程之研究。臺灣師範大學社會工作學研究所學位論文。2010。1-154。
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