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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 133 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 王孜甯(2008)。「情境式關係攻擊量表」的發展-成年初顯期之關係攻擊。台灣
    2. 王明傳、雷庚玲(2007)。青少年前期的間接攻擊行為:同儕估計法的建構效度。
    3. 王明傳、雷庚玲(2008)。華人青少年前期兒童之間接攻擊行為的反應評鑑與情
    4. 余年梅(2006)。幼兒氣質對其關係攻擊行為之影響。臺灣師範大學人類發展與家庭教育研究所碩士論文。
    5. 林君徽(2006)。國小高年級學童間接攻擊與自我概念之探究。臺灣師範大學人類發展與家庭教育研究所碩士論文。
    Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
    1. 劉宜佩(2014)。新北市國中導師班級經營策略與校園霸凌行為關係之研究。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2014。1-156。 
    2. 邱翊涵(2013)。國中學生關係攻擊、學校生活適應與生活痛苦指數之關係研究。元智大學社會暨政策科學學系學位論文。2013。1-92。 
    3. 黃心怡(2010)。國中生關係攻擊受害經驗與心理社會適應之關係:友誼特性的角色。臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2010。1-118。
    4. 呂玉琴(2013)。家庭情緒表達、父母心理控制與國小高年級學童關係攻擊之相關研究。臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系學位論文。2013。1-104。
    5. 何禹年(2016)。運用焦點團體訪談回溯過往關係霸凌之經驗。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2016。1-194。
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