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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 130 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 史嘉章(2002)。發展二階層(two tiers)試題以探討國高中氣體迷思概念。台北:國立台灣師範大學科學教育研究所碩士論文。
    2. 李武勳(2000)。國中學生氣體壓力概念之教學成效探討。台北:國立台灣師範大學碩士論文。
    3. 邱美虹(2000)。概念改變研究之省思與啟示。科學教育學刊,8(1),1-34。
    4. 林財庫(2004)。中小學生物質微粒模式之迷思概念的診斷工具和分析方法。科學教育學刊,第十二卷第二期,183-218。
    5. 林財庫、林慧潔(2003)。高雄市國中小學生氣體迷思概念的認知類型、層次、頻率分佈及認知發展的分析研究。科學教育學刊,11 卷,3 期,297-330 頁。
    Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
    1. 張文馨(2015)。發展與應用二段式診斷測驗工具探討 國中學生壓力之迷思概念。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2015。1-178。
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