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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 160 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李暉、郭重吉(1999)。科學話語與科學概念之學習:以國中生理化科學習為例。科學教育,10,3-30。
  2. 林生傳(1998)。建構主義的教學評析。課程與教學季刊,1﹙3﹚,1-14。
  3. 林信成、陳瑩潔及游忠諺(2006)。Wiki協作系統應用於數位典藏之內容加值與知識匯集。教育資料與圖書館學,43(3),285- 307。
  4. 洪嘉培、袁心玫(2001)。虛擬社群經營模式之探討-以優仕網為例,傳播與管理研究,1(1),52-54。
  5. 施嵐芳(2005)。虛擬社群認同及網路社會支持對主觀幸福感的影響。國立台灣大學心理學研究所碩士論文。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李俊毅(2010)。同儕教練對國中科學教師PCK發展之行動研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2010。1-142。 
  2. 洪瑄鍞(2010)。以任務型教學活動應用於海外兒童華語教材之原則 ──以菲律賓僑校兒童為例。臺灣師範大學華語文教學研究所學位論文。2010。1-122。
  3. 李光明(2014)。爲使用知識而設計的電子書—以使用者手冊為模式之電子書設計。中央大學資訊工程學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2014。1-76。
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