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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 91 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李賢哲、樊琳 (2005):國小學童「電池」概念之診斷-以兩段式選擇題為例。科學教育學刊,13(3),p63-288。
  2. 李暉、郭重吉(1999):科學話語與科學概念的學習,以國中理化課學習為例。科學教育,10,p3-30。
  3. 江淑卿(2001):概念構圖與圖示對兒童自然科學的知識結構、理解能力與學習反應之影響。科學教育學刊,9(1),p35-54。
  4. 邱鴻麟、高紹源(1997):閱讀高中化學教科書後對高一學生所具有之迷思概念影響之研究…勒沙特列原理。科學與教育學報,1,p 235-257。
  5. 許健將(1990):利用兩段式測驗以探查高三學生有關共價鍵分子及分子結構
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張力夫(2011)。探討利用「動態表徵」與「靜態表徵」教學對概念學習成效影響之研究-以「波的重疊原理」單元為例。交通大學理學院科技與數位學習學程學位論文。2011。1-105。 
  2. 胡銘軒(2014)。高職機械科學生輪系迷思概念之研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2014。1-139。 
  3. 紀貫騰(2015)。使用教學表徵在國二自然與生活科技領域之行動研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2015。1-140。 
  4. 黃怡銣(2016)。高職食品加工科學生對食品添加物迷思概念之探討。屏東科技大學技職教育研究所學位論文。2016。1-126。
  5. 呂昕潔(2016)。多重表徵教學之行動研究-以國中九年級自然與生活科技領域為例。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2016。1-113。
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