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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 83 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 余朝權(1991)。現代行銷管理。臺北市:五南。
  2. 林忠程、陳建勳(2002)。高雄市游泳運動俱樂部消費者行為之研究。文藻學報,16,347-367。
  3. 侯錦雄、姚靜婉(1995)。市民休閒生活態度與公園使用滿意度之相關研究。臺北:田園城市文化事業有限公司。
  4. 陳啟正(2008)。國小游泳池委外經營與顧客滿意度之研究。未出版碩士論文,國立臺東大學,台東市。
  5. 陳永宜(2004)。超級籃球聯賽消費者行為之研究。未出版碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學,臺北市。
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 楊東翰(2013)。World Gym運動健身俱樂部體驗行銷對會員滿意度影響之研究。長榮大學運動休閒管理學系(所)學位論文。2013。1-145。 
  2. 黃蕙娟(Hui-Chuan Huang);李俞麟(Yu-Lin Lee)(2012)。臺北市市民運動中心相關研究議題發展之探討-以2002至2011年之學位論文為例。中華體育季刊。26(2)。223-234。 
  3. 黃蕙娟(Hui-Chuan Huang)(2012)。臺北市市民運動中心顧客滿意度指標之建構。體育學報。45(4)。321-338。 
  4. 戴佩怡(2010)。臺北市萬華區運動中心消費者生活型態及消費行為之研究。臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所學位論文。2010。1-153。
  5. 林季樺(2011)。臺北市市民運動中心高齡者休閒運動動機、涉入與阻礙之研究。臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所在職碩士班學位論文。2011。1-154。
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