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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 154 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳重禮、許文賓(2003),〈誰是政黨認同者與獨立選民?-以2001 年台灣地區選民
  2. 林瓊珠 ( 2005),〈台灣民眾的政治知識:1992~2000 年的變動〉,《選舉研究》,第
  3. 陳陸輝 (2000a),〈台灣選民政黨認同的持續與變遷〉,《選舉研究》,第7 卷第2
  4. 陳陸輝(2000b),(台灣選民政黨認同的形成),《選舉研究學術研討會論文集》,
  5. 陳陸輝 (2006),〈政治信任的政治後果-以2004 年立法委員選舉為例〉,《台灣民
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 呂仁傑(2011)。新北市高中生政治社會化之研究:從學校與家庭學習歷程分析。政治大學行政管理碩士學程學位論文。2011。1-89。
  2. 曾淑芬(2014)。嘉義市新世代國三學生國家認同之研究。中正大學政治學系學位論文。2014。1-148。
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