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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 122 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Kübler-Ross,E.(2001)。你可以更靠近我-教孩子怎樣看待生命與死亡(林瑞堂 譯)。台北:張老師。
  2. 王純娟(2006)。一位喪兒父親的蛻變。中華輔導學報,20,1-50。
  3. 史晶瑩(2007)。喪親青少年的喪慟特殊性與悲傷輔導。諮商與輔導,262,21-24。
  4. 何志培(2002)。親人遽逝的心身反應及如何走出傷痛。諮商與輔導,199,11-12。
  5. 呂欣怡(2006)。自殺者遺族悲傷調適之模式初探。國立台北護理學院生死教育與輔導研究所碩士論文,未出版。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 潘慧君(2011)。焦點解決教牧短期諮商對喪親家屬之影響。中原大學宗教研究所學位論文。2011。1-133。 
  2. 陳宥澐(2010)。滿懷恩典:走過懷孕失落的悲傷療癒旅程之自我敘說。臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系學位論文。2010。1-235。
  3. 林毓凡(2011)。瘦,夠了!─一趟與身體和解的冒險旅程。臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系學位論文。2011。1-219。
  4. 徐睿萱(2016)。中途致障照顧者的生涯轉換與其韌力之研究。朝陽科技大學社會工作系學位論文。2016。1-113。
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