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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 58 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王雅觀(2005)。國中教師應用科技之教學歷程探究:地理科教師應用教學科技之個案研究。國立臺灣師範大學教育研究所博士論文,未出版,台北市。
  2. 古鈞元(2001)。教師教學信念與資訊科技融入教學—國中地理教師個案研究。國立臺灣師範大學資訊教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  3. 林榮茂,林柏章(2000)。電腦教學策略在潛能開發班的應用。師友,10(400),88-90。
  4. 施吉安(2002)。資訊融入國民小學自然科教學可行性之研究—以桃園縣新路國小為例。國立臺灣師範大學工業教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  5. 徐新逸,林燕珍(2004)。中小學教師資訊融入教學發展模式及檢核工具之研究。教育研究集刊,50(1),175-203。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 謝明鳳(2015)。電子教科書融入合作學習對九年級學生 數學學習動機與學習成效之影響。淡江大學教育科技學系數位學習碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-141。 
  2. 劉侑霖(2011)。台中市國小特教教師運用資訊科技融入教學的現況與意願。亞洲大學資訊工程學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-138。
  3. 吳姿瑩(2016)。探討簡報教學融入地理科教學成效之研究 -以國中三年級為例。樹德科技大學資訊工程系碩士班學位論文。2016。1-72。
  4. 黃郁潔(2016)。電子教科書融入國中英語教學對學習動機與學習成效影響之研究: 以國中三年級學生為例。樹德科技大學資訊工程系碩士班學位論文。2016。1-75。
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