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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 140 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳毓琳(2001)。知識管理在國民中學學校行政應用之研究。國立臺灣師範大學教育研究所碩士論文。未出版。
  2. 林惠煌(2002)。台北縣國民小學校長教學領導與教師教學效能關係之研究。國立台北師範學院國民教育學系碩士論文,未出版。
  3. 林國瑞(2001)。臺北市國民小學體育教師效能信念及教學效能之相關研究。臺北:科正公司。
  4. 孫志麟(2003)。教師自我效能的概念與測量。教育心理學報,34(2),139-156。
  5. 高博銓(1999)。強化知識管理以提昇學校效能。師友,383,頁29-32。
Times Cited (9) 〈TOP〉
  1. 楊孟蓉(2011)。彰化縣國民小學教師生命價值觀與教學效能之調查研究。臺東大學進修部暑期諮商心理碩士專班學位論文。2011。1-116。 
  2. 吳美儀(2014)。國小教師工作壓力、休閒調適與教學效能關係之研究─以台南市安平區為例。長榮大學高階管理碩士在職專班(EMBA)學位論文。2014。1-135。 
  3. 黃怡倩(2013)。高雄市課後托育教師情緒智能,教學效能與工作滿意度相關之研究。樹德科技大學兒童與家庭服務系碩士班學位論文。2013。1-142。 
  4. 張欽隆(2010)。台中市國民小學體育教師專業素養與教學效能之相關研究。中臺科技大學文教事業經營研究所學位論文。2010。1-165。
  5. 張欽隆(2010)。台中市國民小學體育教師專業素養與教學效能之相關研究。中臺科技大學文教事業經營研究所學位論文。2010。1-165。
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