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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 102 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 侯錦雄、姚靜婉(1997)。市民休閒生活態度與公園使用滿意度之相關研究。戶外遊憩研究,10(3),1-17。
  2. 姜慧嵐(2000)。臺灣健康體適能俱樂部產業之研究。未出版碩士論文,中國文化大學,臺北市。
  3. 洪煌佳(2001)。突破休閒活動之休閒效益。未出版碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學, 臺北市。
  4. 徐耀輝(2004)。臺灣籃球發展過程與社會變遷研究。未出版博士論文,國立臺灣師範大學,臺北市。
  5. 張孝銘、林樹旺、余國振(2004)。慢跑消費者活動參與動機、持續涉入與休閒行為之相關研究。大專體育學刊,6(1),83-93。
Times Cited (26) 〈TOP〉
  1. 呂采縈(2013)。高雄市國中體育教師休閒運動參與動機及工作投入之研究。樹德科技大學經營管理研究所學位論文。2013。1-106。 
  2. 陳奎任(2012)。觀賞水族專門化及景觀偏好關係之研究。虎尾科技大學休閒遊憩研究所學位論文。2012。1-115。 
  3. 呂姮儒(2010)。荒野保護協會炫蜂團成員參與動機、休閒涉入與休閒效益之研究。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系學位論文。2010。1-111。
  4. 游智名(2010)。2009年富邦臺北馬拉松選手參賽動機與環境屬性對參賽滿意度影響之研究。臺灣師範大學體育學系學位論文。2010。1-133。
  5. 傅筱涵(2010)。臺灣衝浪運動參與者動機與現況之研究。臺灣師範大學體育學系學位論文。2010。1-132。
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