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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 83 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 方麗琴(2007)。傑出身心障礙者創造人格暨生活經驗探究。國立師範大學創造力發展碩士專班碩士論文,台北。
  2. 林金定、嚴嘉楓、陳美花(2005年)。質性研究方法:訪談模式與實施步驟分析。身心障礙研究,第三期。
  3. 江美惠(2005)。創造性問題解決教學方案對資優學童創造力及問題解決能力影響之研究。台北市立教育大學創造思考暨資賦優異教育研究所碩士論文,台北。
  4. 利百芳(2004)。家長參與學校事務之個案研究—以桃園縣一所國小為例。私立中原大學教育研究所碩士論文,桃園。
  5. 李乙明、李淑貞 譯(2005)。Robert J. Sternberg著。創造力Ⅰ.理論。台北:五南。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 曾菁芬(2012)。創意金融教學「實驗小班」之個案研究。臺灣師範大學創造力發展碩士在職專班學位論文。2012。1-109。
  2. 李榮山(2012)。兒童劇舞台設計思維。臺北藝術大學劇場設計學系碩士班學位論文。2012。1-319。
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