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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 72 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王姿今(2007):注意力缺陷過動症兒童的數學文字題解題表現之探討。國立台灣師範大學特殊教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,臺北。
  2. 白青平(1999):臺北縣市國民小學初任教師工作困擾與解決途徑之研究。國立臺北師範學院國民教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,臺北。
  3. 朱盈潔(2006):台北縣國民小學資源班初任教師工作困擾與專業發展需求之研究。國立台灣師範大學特殊教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,臺北。
  4. 洪儷瑜(1998):ADHD學生的教育與輔導。臺北:心理。
  5. 張美齡(2004):正向語句引導和增加教室中表現次數在國小ADHD兒童教室中干擾行為之應用。中原大學教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,中壢。
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蔡鎮宇(2011)。國中參與攜手計畫教師教學態度與教學困擾之研究-以新北市與台北市為例。淡江大學課程與教學研究所碩士班學位論文。2011。1-98。 
  2. 黃平(2011)。國小融合班注意力缺陷過動症學童學習行為與人際互動之個案研究。臺東大學進修部暑期特教碩士班學位論文。2011。1-70。 
  3. 潘祈涵(2011)。台東縣國小融合教育班級教師教學困擾之研究。臺東大學進修部暑期特教碩士班學位論文。2011。1-101。 
  4. 林紆甄(2012)。國中普通班導師實施融合教育之質性研究。臺灣師範大學特殊教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2012。1-150。
  5. 凃嘉原(2013)。國小教師面臨教學困境時增權賦能的轉化學習歷程之研究。中正大學成人及繼續教育學系學位論文。2013。1-200。
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