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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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陳烱智 , Masters  Advisor:林麗月先生  



Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 65 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 陳聖屏,《困而知之:曾國藩修身思想的起源與意義》,臺北市:台灣大學歷史學系碩士論文,2006。
    2. 商衍鎏,《清代科舉考試述錄》,北京市:三聯書店,1958。
    3. 陳瑞玲,〈從一封明人「尺牘」看松江書家陸深對故鄉的態度〉,《東吳歷史學報》,第十九期,2008,頁77-110。
    4. 濱島敦俊著,吳大昕譯,〈明代中後期江南士大夫的鄉居和城居─從「民望」到「鄉紳」〉,收於《明代研究》,第十一期,臺北:中國明代研究學會,2008,頁59-94。
    5. James C. Scott,The Moral Economy of Peasant : Rebellion and Subsistence in Southeast Asia.New Haven :Yale University Press,1977.中譯本見:程立顯、劉建等譯,《農民的道義經濟學:東南亞的反叛與生存》,南京市:譯林出版社,2001。
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