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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 175 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 朱景鵬、朱鎮明(2004),〈英、美、德地方政府治理能力評鑑制度〉,《研考雙月刊》,第28 卷第5 期,頁39-54。
  2. 江岷欽(1993),〈政府生產力之衡量(Measuring Productivity in the Public Sector)〉,《中國行政評論》,第2卷第2期,頁121-136。
  3. 吳安妮(2004),〈平衡計分卡在公務機關實施之探討〉,《政府績效評估》,台北:行政院研究發展考核委員會,頁115-135。
  4. 林立國(2006),《中山科學研究院永續經營關鍵因素之評估》,私立中原大學企業管理學系碩士論文,未出版。
  5. 林俊彥、郭宗賢、林楊沅、郭彥谷(2006),〈機構導入平衡計分卡策略地圖之探討-以證期會測驗中心為個案〉,《會計研究月刊》,第245期,頁39-55。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 邱文玉(2012)。建置臺灣體育最高主管機關績效評估架構-應用多準則評估法。長榮大學經營管理研究所(博)學位論文。2012。1-221。 
  2. 侯世傑(2013)。一致政府與分立政府下之國會黨團運作-以政黨輪替2000-2012年經驗為範圍。臺灣師範大學政治學研究所學位論文。2013。1-239。
  3. 黃筠雅(2017)。應用層級分析法探討高中職學生選系因素--以南部某私立大學進修部為例。義守大學工業管理學系學位論文。2017。1-70。
  4. 張培新(2017)。利用即時訊息整合技術建置線上會議記錄系統之研究。臺中科技大學資訊工程系碩士班學位論文。2017。1-55。
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