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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 172 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳宗立(2006):國民小學教師工作壓力與組織承諾之關係。國教學報,15,193-230。
  2. 吳政融(2002):大學體育教師工作壓力及因應方式之研究。國立臺灣師範大學體育研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  3. 林國瑞、李一聖、楊靜芳(2000):臺北市立體育學院國小職前教師教師效能研究。北體學報,8,118-128。
  4. 洪靖惠(2000):國中音樂教師「自我效能」與「生涯規劃」之研究。國立臺灣師範大學音樂學系碩士論文,未出版,臺北市。
  5. 張春興(1989):張氏心理學辭典。臺北市:東華。
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃美華(2013)。國小教師工作投入、工作壓力與幸福感關係之研究:以桃園縣為例。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2013。1-231。 
  2. 蔡雅婷(2011)。內部行銷對房仲業人員工作投入影響之研究-以工作動機與自我效能為中介效果。長榮大學企業管理學系(所)學位論文。2011。1-120。 
  3. 林佩蓁(2010)。臺北縣國民中學特教教師與學校組織疏離感之調查研究。臺灣師範大學特殊教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2010。1-111。
  4. 陳姿任(2010)。我國公立高中職資源班教師情緒管理與工作壓力之研究。臺灣師範大學工業教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2010。1-220。
  5. 邱思穎(2013)。國中教師參與中輟生復學輔導工作自我效能、工作壓力與工作投入之相關研究。臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2013。1-154。
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