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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 184 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王瓊珠(2003)。對話在小學教師同儕課程領導的應用研究。國立臺北師範學院國民教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,臺北。
  2. 江易穎(2002)。國中音樂教師「專業成長」與「教學效能」之研究。國立臺灣師範大學音樂研究所碩士論文,未出版,臺北。
  3. 牟鍾福(2002)。國中體育教師組織正義與組織信任對組織承諾影響之研究。國立臺灣師範大學體育研究所博士論文,未出版,臺北。
  4. 李經遠、李棟榮(2006)。矩陣式組織結構下角色衝突、組織承諾、離職意願關連性研究-以工業技術研究院員工為例。2006年3月30日,取自
  5. 姜定宇、鄭伯壎(2003)。組織忠誠、組織承諾、及組織公民行為研究之回顧與前瞻。應用心理研究,19,175-209。
Times Cited (13) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蔡牧原(2012)。消防人員工作壓力、工作滿意度與組織承諾之研究─以臺南市外勤消防人員為例。長榮大學高階管理碩士在職專班(EMBA)學位論文。2012。1-113。 
  2. 張丸浩(2012)。教師教學信念與教學效能關係之研究:統合分析。中臺科技大學文教事業經營研究所學位論文。2012。1-189。 
  3. 黃奕菁(2015)。主管穿著形象與公司制服對員工工作態度的影響-以A公司為例。臺北商業技術學院商學研究所學位論文。2015。1-94。 
  4. 王景祥(1999)。國中生活科技課程問題解決教學策略之實驗研究∼以製造科技課程為例。臺灣師範大學工業科技教育學系學位論文。1999。1-204。
  5. 劉照庭(2001)。目標導向對電腦技能學習的影響。臺灣師範大學資訊教育學系學位論文。2001。1-79。
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