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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 58 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 任東屏(2004)。R. J. Sternberg的智能理論解析及其在教學上的涵義。國立臺灣師範大學教育學系博士論文,未出版,臺北。
  2. 李新民、陳密桃、莊鳳茹(2004)。國民小學教師實用智能評量研究。高雄師大學報,17,75-96。
  3. 李新民、陳密桃、張玉蓮(2004)。職前幼兒教師成功智能量表編製。中國測驗學會測驗學刊,51(2),285-310。
  4. 李新民、陳密桃、陳鳳玉(2005)。評量幼兒實用智能的視訊化情境判斷量表之建構。中國測驗學會測驗學刊,52(2),61-94。
  5. 李新民、陳密桃(2007b)。實用智能、目標導向、自我效能對工作表現之影響分析:以幼兒教師為例。教育學刊,28,63-100。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉彥伶(2014)。國中小特教教師擔任心理評量人員角色壓力與需求之調查研究。中原大學特殊教育研究所學位論文。2014。1-137。 
  2. 林芝紅(2011)。臺北市國中鑑定諮詢種子教師工作困擾與特教專業知能需求之探究。臺灣師範大學特殊教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2011。1-141。
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