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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 131 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 溫嘉榮、施文玲、林鳳釵(民93)。中小學教師應具備之資訊素養能力指標之研究。高雄師大學報:教育與社會科學類,17,97-113。
  2. 胡立耘(民94)。論資訊素養的結構與意義。教育資料與圖書館學,42(4),471-480。
  3. 王全興(民96)。資訊科技融入教學之課程行動研究。中等教育,58(6),36-55。
  4. 郭吉模(民93)。現行資訊融入教學推展的問題及因應策略。學校行政雙月刊,28,86-95。
  5. 沈慶珩(民93)。資訊科技融入教學之概念、應用與活動設計。教育資料與圖書館學,42(1),139-155。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李思瑩(2010)。高中數學變異數與標準差教材設計與學習成效之研究。臺北大學統計學系學位論文。2010。1-81。
  2. 花誌陽(2012)。電子書在本位教學上的應用-以校園植物導覽為例。中正大學教學專業發展數位學習碩士在職專班學位論文。2012。1-107。
  3. 楊宗偉(2013)。智能電腦教學及學習系統結合互動式電子白板導入國中數學領域之研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2013。1-143。
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