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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 122 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王唯匡,2002,台灣特有水生植物大安水蓑衣的族群分化與親緣地理學之探討。國立成功大學生物學系碩士班論文。
  2. 江友中,2002,八丈芒分子地理親緣之研究。國立台灣師範大學生物學系博士論文。
  3. 余惠如,2008,喜岩菫菜種複合群之親緣關係與分類研究。國立台灣師範大學生命科學系碩士論文。
  4. 吳家進,2009,玉山水苦藚及其相關類群之系統分類—特列論及玉山水苦藚的的族群遺傳。國立台灣師範大學生命科學系碩士論文。
  5. 吳馥宇,2006,台灣冷杉粒線體DNA多型性之研究。國立台灣大學植物學研究所碩士論文。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃郁嵐(2017)。使用限制酶位點標定之核酸定序法探討臺灣瓦氏組小檗之輻射演化。臺灣大學森林環境暨資源學研究所學位論文。2017。1-76。 
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