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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 72 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王瑞瑾、王仁堂(2003)。探討臺灣職籃復賽之可能性及展望。大專體育,66,39-44。
  2. 何建德(2003)。CBA球隊母企業的投資經營之理想與實況-以裕隆隊為例。大專體育,64,70-74。
  3. 徐耀輝(2004)。臺灣籃球發展過程與社會變遷研究。未出版碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學,臺北市。
  4. 高興桂(2001)。我國職業球團企業經營困境因素與解決策略之研究。未出版碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學,臺北市。
  5. 陳威村(2003)。中國大陸職業籃球發展之研究。未出版碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學,臺北市。
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李承翰(2013)。應用德菲法探討臺灣體育政策發展策略-以籃球運動為例。淡江大學公共行政學系公共政策碩士班學位論文。2013。1-79。 
  2. 張莆尚(2010)。中華職棒回饋列車對中華職棒大聯盟品牌形象影響之研究。臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所學位論文。2010。1-103。
  3. 黃呈文(2010)。2010年第七季超級籃球聯賽現場觀眾進場觀賽決策因素與再購意願關係之研究。臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所學位論文。2010。1-118。
  4. 文大培(2010)。不應消失的記憶─中華職籃解散原因之探討。臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所在職碩士班學位論文。2010。1-107。
  5. 陳金榮(2013)。中華民國殘障體育運動總會推動殘障運動之現況與展望。臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所在職碩士班學位論文。2013。1-124。
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