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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 237 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王穎,陳怡君。1999。台灣中大型保育類草食動物現況之調查。行政院農業委員會,27頁。
  2. 林玉珮。2007。丹大地區布農族狩獵現況之調查研究。國立台灣師範大學生命科學系碩士論文,138頁。
  3. 邱敏勇。2002。臺灣新石器時代豬的畜養和狩獵—利用牙齒標準區分家豬和野豬的研究。中央研究院歷史語言研究所集刊,73(2):271-302。
  4. 陳相伶。2007。丹大地區布農族獵人狩獵動機與狩獵型態。國立台灣師範大學生命科學系碩士論文,119頁。
  5. 黃美秀,簡熒芸。2004。玉山國家公園楠梓仙溪地區中大型哺乳動物之族群監 測。內政部營建署玉山國家公園管理處,69頁。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 高嘉孜(2013)。苗栗縣通霄鎮石虎(Prionailurus bengalensis chinensis)之移除模式及衝突探討。屏東科技大學野生動物保育研究所學位論文。2013。1-175。 
  2. 陳相伶(2006)。丹大地區布農族獵人狩獵動機與狩獵型態。臺灣師範大學生命科學研究所學位論文。2006。1-119。
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