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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 102 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李哲迪(2006)。高中物理教科書與學生關於力的話語與合法化的語言策略。國立台灣師範大學科學教育研究所博士論文(未出版)。
  2. 周金城(2007)。探究中學生對科學模型的分類與組成本質的理解。論文發表於第二十三屆中華民國科學教育學術研討會,高雄,台灣。
  3. 林文杰和楊文金(2007)。高一學生對物理文本過程詞隱含之連接關係的理解。物理教育學刊,9(1),1-18。
  4. 林靜雯和邱美虹(2007)。從認知方法論之向度初探高中學生模型及建模歷程之知識以真實性評量探究建模能力。論文發表於第二十三屆中華民國科學教育學術研討會,高雄,台灣。
  5. 吳怡嫺(2006)。跨年級學生氣體心智模式演變歷程之探究與分析。國立台灣師範大學科學教育研究所碩士論文(未出版)。
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