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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 139 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 3. 國立編譯館,《高級中學三民主義課本》,台北:幼獅文化事業股份有限公司,民國88年8月修訂7版。
    2. 18.王仲孚,《歷史第二冊》。台北:康熹文化事業股份有限公司,民國96年10月修訂二版
    3. 19.黃春木,《歷史第二冊》,台北:龍騰文化事業股份有限公司,民國97年1月再版
    4. 26.現代教育研究社編輯委員會,《中國歷史(四)》,香港:現代教育研究社,1993年初版。
    5. 3.呂秀萍,《最近三十年大陸地區中學歷史課程演變與歷史教學》,國立台灣師範大學歷史研究所碩士論文,民國92年8月,頁40-50。
    Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
    1. 王郁菁(2011)。歷史教材與史學研究:以清末「維新變法」為例之探討。臺灣師範大學歷史學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2011。1-100。
    2. 黃翊欣(2018)。台灣與日本歷史教科書之比較―以高中教科書為中心―。義守大學應用日語學系學位論文。2018。1-58。
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