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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 155 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Aijmer, K., & Simon-Vandenbergen, A. M. (2004). A model and a methodology for the study of pragmatic markers: The semantic field of expectation. Journal of Pragmatics, 36(10), 1781-1806.
  2. Andersen, G. (2000). The role of the pragmatic marker like in utterance interpretation. Pragmatic Markers and Propositional Attitude, , 17–38.
  3. Archakis, A. (2001). On discourse markers: Evidence from modern Greek. Journal of Pragmatics, 33(8), 1235-1261.
  4. Austin, J. L. (1962). How to do things with words. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  5. Bach, K.. (1999). The myth of conventional implicature. Linguistics and Philosophy. 22(4), 327-366.
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王俊仁(2010)。現代漢語重述標記語用分析-以「也就是說」與「換句話說」為例。臺灣師範大學華語文教學研究所學位論文。2010。1-107。
  2. 吳曜任(2010)。國語「真是」與「實在是」的強調功能及詞匯化研究。臺灣師範大學英語學系學位論文。2010。1-113。
  3. 許敏淑(2011)。現代漢語「至於」與英文對應詞項與教學應用:兼論「不至於」之研究。臺灣師範大學華語文教學研究所學位論文。2011。1-249。
  4. 李靈芝(2011)。「然」尾雙音節情態副詞的探討。臺灣師範大學華語文教學研究所學位論文。2011。1-117。
  5. 江伊惠(2011)。「如果說」的語義分類、語用功能與語法化。臺灣師範大學華語文教學研究所學位論文。2011。1-163。
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