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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 136 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 方炎明、單文經(民84)。我國國民小學級任導師制度實施現況與興革之研究,教育部委託國立台灣師範大學教育學系之研究。台北:國立台灣師範大學教育學系。
  2. 李 欣(民82)。前程規劃與時間管理。商業職業教育,54,53-55。
  3. 李佩玲(民94)。台南地區國中體育教師時間管理之調查研究。未出版之碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學。
  4. 李珮如(民94)。台北縣公立國小附幼園主任行政決定之個案研究。未出版之碩士論文,國立台北師範學院。
  5. 林美慧(民97)。高雄縣國小兼任行政教師時間管理之研究。未出版之碩士論文,國立台東大學。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蘇明淼(2013)。桃園縣國民小學教師兼行政人員 時間管理與學校效能關係之研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2013。1-140。 
  2. 曾學鉦(2011)。桃園縣國民中學教師兼行政人員 時間管理與學校效能關係之研究。臺灣師範大學教育學系學位論文。2011。1-136。
  3. 吳孟真(2014)。臺北市國中導師時間管理能力與班級經營效能關係之研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2014。1-111。
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