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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 102 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李明懿(2000)。現代漢語方位詞「上」的語義分析。台北市:國立台灣師範大學碩士論文。
  2. 林月穎(2009)。針對泰國華語學習者之漢字教學網站設計研究。台北市:國立台灣師範大學碩士論文。
  3. 許紫星(2001)。從味覺詞語義聯想看味覺詞的語義延伸。台北市:國立台灣師範大學碩士論文。
  4. 黃沛榮(2006)。漢字教學的理論與實踐。台北市:樂學書局有限公司。
  5. 魏靜雯(2003)。心智繪圖與摘要教學對國小五年級學生閱讀理解與摘要能力之影響。台北市:國立台灣師範大學碩士論文。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林姿君(2011)。運用心智圖法之漢字聯想研究:以英語母語漢語學習者為研究對象。臺灣師範大學華語文教學研究所學位論文。2011。1-164。
  2. 羅敏誠(2011)。針對泰國大學生之漢字部件教學研究。臺灣師範大學華語文教學研究所學位論文。2011。1-158。
  3. 魏珮玲(2012)。傳統結藝融入華語教學之可行性研究。臺北大學古典文獻與民俗藝術研究所民俗藝術組學位論文。2012。1-102。
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