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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing a document with a DOI, the DOI permanent URL should always be presented (if using APA or Chicago format, present number). If using a citation format that does not specify DOI, the DOI permanent URL should still be presented as a priority.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 68 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Brinton, Laurel J. 1988. The Development of English Aspectual systems: Aspecturalizers and Post-verbal Particles. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  2. Chu, C. C. 〔屈承熹〕. 1999b. Discourse grammar of Mandarin Chinese. New York: Peter Lang Publishing.
  3. Jackendoff, Ray. 1972. Semantic Interpretation in Generative Grammar. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
  4. Lakoff, George. 1987. Women, Fire and Dangerous Things - What Categories Reveal about the Mind. . The University of Chicago Press, Chicago. (梁玉玲. 楊靜寬. 王稼鈞. 1994. 《女人、火與危險事物一範疇所揭示之心智的奧祕》. 台北:桂冠圖書公司. )
  5. Li, Charles N & Thompson, Sandra A. 1981. Mandarin Chinese. Berkley: University of California Press. (黃宣範. 1983.《漢語語法》. 台北:文鶴出版社.)
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林吟聯(2011)。現代漢語「並」的語義、篇章、語用分析及其教學應用。臺灣師範大學華語文教學研究所學位論文。2011。1-233。
  2. 林倩如(2012)。漢語可能構式「V得/不C」之探究及其教學應用。臺灣師範大學華語文教學研究所學位論文。2012。1-175。
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