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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 67 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁淑觀(2006)。國民中小學教育經費編列與使用之研究--以新竹市為例。國立臺灣師範大學教育學系碩士論文。
  2. 何宣甫(2004)。臺灣施行學校本位財政之可行性分析。國家科學委員會補助專題研究計畫成果報告。
  3. 吳幸怡(2003)。台灣學校教育財政的法建構。國立成功大學法律學研究所碩士論文。
  4. 涂巧玲(2001)。以專家判斷法決定國民小學教育經費充足---一個方法的試探。國立花蓮師範學院國民教育研究所碩士論文。
  5. 許添明(2000a)。教育經費與教育改革。師友,391,5-10。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 沈燕芬(2013)。臺灣與泰國國民義務教育經費籌措與運用之研究。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2013。1-129。 
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