Search & Read at all times.
Your portable library is online!,Hello!
Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 58 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Brophy, P. & Craven, J. (2007). Web accessibility. Library Trends, 55(4), 950-973.
  2. Campbell, N. (2001). Usability assessment of library-related web sites methods and case study. Chicago: LITA.
  3. Capra, M. G. (2005). Factor analysis of card sort data: an alternative to hierarchical cluster analysis. Paper presented at the Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 49th Annual Meeting, Orlando, Florida, USA.
  4. Courage, C. & Baxter, K. (2004). Understanding your users: A practical guide to user requirements methods, tools, and techniques. San Fransisco, CA: Morgan Kaufmann.
  5. Ebenezer, C. (2003). Usability evaluation of an NHS library website. Health Information and Libraries Journal, 20(3), 134-142.
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 邱亦秀(2011)。受試者特性對修正型德菲式卡片分類法成效影響之研究。臺灣師範大學圖書資訊學研究所在職進修碩士班學位論文。2011。1-44。
  2. 林黃瑋(2011)。網站深度與廣度對尋獲度影響之研究。臺灣師範大學圖書資訊學研究所在職進修碩士班學位論文。2011。1-60。
  3. 尤衍翔(2013)。個人與群體於卡片分類結果差異性之研究。臺灣師範大學圖書資訊學研究所學位論文。2013。1-71。
  4. 郭嵩麟(2016)。大學圖書館推動全面品質管理教育訓練研究。淡江大學資訊與圖書館學系碩士班學位論文。2016。1-129。
Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
E-mail :
When an article is available to download, a notice will be sent to your mailbox address.
E-mail :