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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 104 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李冬梅(2002),《台北地區國中公民與道德科教師法治知識與態度之研究》,國立台灣師範大學公民教育活動領導學系碩士論文,台北,未出版。
  2. 周怡君(2008),《台北市國民中學零體罰教育政策執行之研究》,國立台灣師範大學教育學系碩士論文,台北,未出版。
  3. 吳伊惠(2005),《桃園縣國小社會學習領域教師法治教育認知程度之相關研究》,國立台北師範學院社會科教育學系碩士論文,台北,未出版。
  4. 林佳音(2000),《我國中學法治教育課程內容的理論分析》,國立臺灣師範大學公民訓育研究所碩士論文,台北,未出版。
  5. 林佳範(2002),〈法治教育問題與發展》,《司法教育改革》,第42期,頁47-49
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳怡璇(2011)。零體罰政策對國民中學學務人員管教方式之影響:以桃園縣為例。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2011。1-206。 
  2. 王譽書(2012)。零體罰政策政治效果之探究─以四所國民中學為例。臺灣師範大學教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2012。1-214。
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