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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 56 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王世亨(2006)。利用全國多城市街頭外展探討蹺家青少年之精神作用物質使用(碩士論文,臺灣大學,2006)。全國博碩士論文資訊網,095NTU05544020。
  2. 張春興(1994)。教育心理學。台北:東華。
  3. 張福仁(2004)。花蓮市街頭青少年生活事件與物質使用之探討(碩士論文,慈濟大學,2004)。全國博碩士論文資訊網,093TCU05201004。
  4. 曾華源、黃俐婷(2006)。心理暨社會派、生態系統觀及增強權能觀對「人在情境中」詮釋之比較。東吳社會工作學報,14,63-89。
  5. 鍾源德(1986)。青少年犯罪問題之研究。台北:文景。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李佩怡(2012)。少年逃家行為與犯罪行為之相關研究。臺北大學犯罪學研究所學位論文。2012。1-116。
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