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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 161 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 朱月英、郭碧照(2006)‧食道癌患者生活品質及其相關因素研究‧實證護理,2(2),127-136。
  2. 呂桂雲、金繼春、黃惠萍(1993)‧乳癌婦女的因應行為‧護理研究,1(3),247-256。
  3. 汪素敏(1997)‧心臟移植術後病人症狀困擾、社會支持與自我照顧行為相關之探討‧國防醫學院護理學研究所碩士論文‧未出版,台北。
  4. 周玉慧、楊文山、莊義利(1998)‧「晚年生活壓力、社會支持與老人身心健康」,人文及社會科學集刊,10(2),227-265。
  5. 周繡玲、顧乃平、劉雪娥、白璐(1997)‧成人急性白血病病患生活品質及其相關因素之探討.護理研究,5(2),182-194。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張心怡(2017)。不同醫病角色對輔助與替代療法認知差異之探討。中山醫學大學健康餐飲暨產業管理學系碩士班學位論文。2017。1-90。
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