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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 178 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 全中和. (2005). 花蓮區農技報導─苦瓜新品種『花蓮一號』(福寶) (Vol. 63). 花蓮: 行政院農業委員會花蓮區農業改良場.
  2. 洪永瀚. (2008). 苜蓿芽乙酸乙酯萃取物改善MRL-lpr/lpr自體免疫鼠病程發展之探討. 國立臺灣大學, 博士論文
  3. 莊佳穎. (2004). 山苦瓜活化過氧化體增殖劑活化受器 PPARs 之成分分離與鑑定. 國立台灣大學, 碩士論文
  4. 高秋華. (2008). 數種植物性雌激素對代謝症候群之影響. 國立台灣師範大學人類發展與家庭學系, 碩士論文
  5. 陳永如. (2007). 數種植物雌激素食材萃物對 PPAR、脂肪細胞生成及雌激素活性特質鑑定. 國立台灣大學, 碩士論文.
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