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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 161 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 邱嘉凡(2004)。正常老年人事件記憶和知感研究。國立台灣大學心理研究所碩士論文。
  2. 許德發(1999)。專科學生對科學的態度、生物科學自我效能與其營養健康信念表徵、學業成就之關係研究。國立台灣師範大學科學教育研究所博士論文。
  3. 張春興(1991)。現代心理學。台北:東華。
  4. 劉鎔毓(2007)。高等技職校院進修部成人學生持續學習歷程之研究 -以台北市都會區某技職校院為例。國立台灣師範大學公民教育與活動領導學系博士論文。
  5. 蔡順良(2008)。青少年多向度自我效能量表編製與驗證。教育心理學報,39,105-126。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 詹益欣(2011)。新北市國小補校新移民女性學習適應與中輟傾向之研究。臺東大學進修部暑期學校行政碩士班學位論文。2011。1-173。 
  2. 葉世珍(2009)。臺北縣外籍女性配偶就讀補校中輟傾向之研究。臺東大學進修部暑期學校行政碩士班學位論文。2009。1-83。 
  3. 劉永順(2007)。社區大學學員學習動機與學習態度之研究--以臺北縣市社區大學為例。臺灣師範大學工業教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2007。1-164。
  4. 許富美(2008)。國中中介教育方案之個案研究-以臺北縣高關懷班為例。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2008。1-237。
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