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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 54 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 呂寶靜(2001)。老人社區照顧服務之評估研究-以居家服務方案為例(國科會專題研究計畫成果報告編號:NSC 89-2412-H-004-026-SSS)。台北:中華民國行政院國家科學委員會。
  2. 宋麗玉(1998)。個案管理之內涵與工作模式---兼論個案管理模式在台灣社會工作領域之應用。社會政策與社會工作學刊,2(1),127-155。
  3. 李麗圳、李美珍、吳淑芳、顏欣容(2008)。我國長期照顧制度之建立---以臺北縣為例。研考雙月刊,32(6),80-88。
  4. 范麗娟(1994)。深度訪談簡介。戶外遊憩研究,7(2),25-35。
  5. 紀櫻珍(2003)。照顧管理模式對長期照護的成效評估:以台北市大安區長期照顧服務中心為例。未出版碩士論文,台北醫學大學,台北市。
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