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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 224 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 毛政賢 (2005)。 社區老人社會支持與醫療利用之相關性研究-以苗栗縣為例 。亞洲大學健康管理研究所碩士論文,未出版,台中。
  2. 台北榮總護理部研究發展委員會(2002)。 社會支持在長期照顧之簡介。 榮總護理, 19(3), 338-340。
  3. 江東亮 (1982)。 什麼是健康呢?。中華民國公共衛生學會雜誌, 1, 12-29。
  4. 江信男、林旻沛、柯慧貞 (2005)。 臺灣地區老人的生理疾病多寡、自覺生理健康、社會支持度與憂鬱嚴重度。臨床心理學刊, 2(1), 11-22。
  5. 行政院衛生署國民健康局 (2006)。 95年衛生統計動向之人口與家庭。2008年12月取自
Times Cited (18) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江學明(2015)。適用於銀髮族之休閒參與資訊服務模式設計。中興大學資訊管理學系所學位論文。2015。1-68。 
  2. 劉玫鳳(2011)。中高齡者消費特性與消費模式之研究-以旅遊為例。元智大學社會暨政策科學學系學位論文。2011。1-124。 
  3. 張梅芳(2011)。失能老人及主要照顧者社會支持系統之探討與建構。元智大學社會暨政策科學學系學位論文。2011。1-193。 
  4. 吳訂宜(2015)。老人生理健康對社會支持與心理健康之中介效果研究:以台灣為例。長榮大學社會工作學系(所)學位論文。2015。1-100。 
  5. 郭哲余(2012)。規律運動介入與健康生活型態對慢性病患者健康體適能影響之研究。長榮大學運動休閒管理學系(所)學位論文。2012。1-146。 
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