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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 115 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李其榮(2004),〈海外華文教育與文化多元共存—兼論21世紀初海外華文教育發展趨勢和問題〉,載於夏誠華(主編)《僑民教育研究論文集》,頁23~47,台灣新竹: 玄奘大學海外華人研究中心。
  2. 莘莘中文學校(Huntington Beach Chinese School)年刊(2006)
  3. 陳靜瑜(1999),〈近半世紀來美國華人地位變化的因素、問題及其展望〉,載於陳鴻瑜(主編),《邁向21世紀海外華人市民社會之變遷與發展》,頁180-228,台北:中華民國海外華人研究學會出版
  4. 僑務委員會統計室編(2000),《海外華僑、華人文教工作之推展》,台北:僑務委員會
  5. 劉伯驥(1957),《美國華僑教育》,台北:華僑教育叢書編輯委員會
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃美琪(2014)。馬來西亞獨立中學與國民中學 華人文化教育調查研究 —以寬柔獨立中學和斯禮拉末國中為例。中原大學應用華語文研究所學位論文。2014。1-178。 
  2. 葉育婷(2010)。AP中文對美國中文學校的影響 —以南加州PV學區為主。臺灣師範大學華語文教學研究所學位論文。2010。1-120。
  3. 鄭月雲(2010)。在地視野下的美南休士頓區台系中文學校發展與現況。臺灣師範大學華語文教學研究所學位論文。2010。1-118。
  4. 張玲嘉(2011)。兒童華語教材課室活動編寫研究-以國際學校小學部為例。臺灣師範大學華語文教學研究所學位論文。2011。1-198。
  5. 趙玉雯(2011)。華裔學生中文學習動機評析─以瑞士蘇黎世中文學校、伯恩中文學校為例。臺灣師範大學華語文教學研究所學位論文。2011。1-145。
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